In 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendment Act was passed, prohibiting sex discrimination in any higher education program or activity that received federal financial aid. Since then, female athletic participation in the U.S. increased by more than tenfold. What has also increased since then is awareness of the link between athletics, eating disorders (i.e. bulimia and anorexia), and amenorrhea (absence of menstruation, or periods).
In 1992, the American College of Sports Medicine coined the term “female athlete triad.” This term described the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis (at that time all three factors needed to be present). In 2007, they broadened the definition so that the syndrome can be diagnosed if