There are three kinds of holes: small, medium and large, and each require a different procedure to repair.
Small holes are easy to
For holes smaller than one inch, simply spackle the hole filling it completely.
Allow to dry thoroughly, it will crack, that's to be expected.
Apply a second coat, this time feathering it out a little.
Repeat once or twice more, feathering a little more each time as needed.
Sand as needed and paint.
For holes one to two-and-a-half inches, apply a thin coat of spackle, covering the surrounding area by about three inches.
Firmly press a piece of drywall joint tape over the hole and smooth it with a taping knife.
Allow to dry thoroughly, then apply feathering coats (two to three feathering coats may be needed).
Sand as needed until the surface is smooth.
For larger holes you will need to square off the hole using a keyhole saw.
Then cut a piece of sheet rock to the size of the hole.
If your hole is not on the beams, you may need to add a piece of wood on the inside of the hole to support your patch.
Secure your patch using drywall screws.
Apply a thin coat of spackle and tape (as discredit in medium holes).
Then feather out the tape seams (allowing to dry between coats) and sand as needed.
Once your patch is sanded and appears to be smooth, run your hand over the spackle from different angles. You’ll probably find a few spots you missed. Any un smooth areas, apply a very thin coat of spackle and sand again before painting.
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