For more than a century, head trauma has been linked to neurodegenerative diseases later in life, especially dementia/Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease). These conditions have been reported to be substantial in those who played contact sports, especially football. Recent publicity has focused on the dangers of football, especially as played in high school, college, and professionally. There have been links claimed to chronic traumatic encephalopathy later in life, which have some people calling for an outright ban on American football. Football is arguably America’s most popular sport. It is a collision sport where head trauma and concussions are common, which in theory may have implications for brain

 Diabetes mellitus is a common disease with multiple complications. The most common neurologic symptom among patients with diabetes is a distal (hands and feet, or farthest from the heart), symmetric polyneuropathy, or peripheral neuropathy. This complication is estimated to affect between 10 and 50 percent of patients with diabetes. A minority of patients with neuropathy will be symptomatic and will have either positive symptoms (burning, tingling) or negative symptoms (numbness, weakness)

Coumadin, generically known as warfarin, is a common anticoagulant or blood clot preventer. It interferes with the function of vitamin K. Vitamin K is an integral agent in the series of chemical steps, also known as the clotting cascade, that make the proteins essential for blood clotting. Because warfarin is broken down, or metabolized in the liver, there are a number of drugs and agents that interfere with its function. The therapeutic effectiveness of warfarin is measured by testing the

There is a phenomenon known as the “French paradox.” The French have a low risk of developing heart disease despite eating a rich diet. This discrepancy has been attributed to their high rate of consumption of red wine. Red wine contains phenolic compounds, which have antioxidant properties. A recent study explored this phenomenon. The study, done (naturally) in France, examined the blood and urine chemistry differences in two groups of non-smokers who smoked three cigarettes each. The aim was

Vertebral compression fractures are the most common type of osteoporotic fractures and are associated with significant disability, morbidity, and mortality. Anyone who has had one will tell you that the pain can be severe and may last for months. In many cases only part of the vertebral body collapses, giving the vertebra a wedge-like shape. When this occurs in the mid or thoracic spine it causes the spine to bend forward giving the patient a stooped posture. Twenty five percent of

Seizures come in all different shapes and forms, from absence seizures where the person seems to just lose focus to grand mal seizures, which involve loss of consciousness, loss of bladder or bowel control, and generalized jerky body movements. For the purposes of today’s article I will focus on grand mal seizures. Seizures are caused by a sort of electrical short circuit of the brain. Abnormal brain wave activity may be seen on electroencephalogram (EEG). Seizures need to be differentiated

Rest has long been the cornerstone of the management and treatment of concussion, especially in children and adolescents. This advice includes both physical and cognitive rest. Physicians have been advising both rest at home and avoidance of classwork for many years. A recent study out of Ottawa, Canada, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, casts more doubt on the current recommendations for concussion management. There is limited evidence in the medical literature that

More Articles...

Sign up via our free email subscription service to receive notifications when new information is available.